Mechanical invention is the product of your need. The most important need of man is to eat first, then clothing. For this reason, the making of clothes has been one of the main causes of human suffering in every age.

This was the first item used in the field. Linen fabric was considered 'unrivaled', 'king fabric' for a long time. Trying to remember the dresses our grandmothers found in their chests is enough to prove it. Wool is as old as it is. However, the ones made of merino wool are only produced by XVII. Century France, then spread in England. Cotton fabrics are known in this order, cotton is also known in North America as XVII. Has been planting since centuries. It is even necessary to link the cause of blacks' slavery directly to cotton plantations. Because it is the cause of this situation. The severe need for hand labor in cotton and sugarcane plantations in the southern states.

We should also add linen, wool and cotton towels. Only silk was not a substance that anyone could use; The higher the level of life is, the higher it gets, but as the luxury item. The biggest center of silk production was Lyon. But after the retreat of Edit de Nantes, most of the Protestants migrated to other countries, especially to Switzerland and the UK, and carried their workshops to and fro.

XVII. In the 19th century, weaving industry was leading in France. A newly established modern army has led to the rapid development of hundreds of thousands of uniformed weaving industries. The Van Robais factories, employing 1,500 workers in 1685, began employing 1.8 million workers in 1720, as well as thousands of workers working at home. In England, the weaving industry is bigger. The wool business was the main source of income for the country. (So, the president of the House of Lords sat on a sack of wool.)

Despite the social and economic importance, it is not really understandable that fabric has not undergone a significant change from the middle ages to that day ... Yarn multiplicity has been sprinkled with furrows or spinning in houses; Even this was the traditional struggle of old girls. And they were in ancient stalls after the thread was obtained. The only innovation that has been carried out since the Polished Stone Age was the use of the shuttle (1490) by Leonardo da Vinci. The weft thread was wrapped around a bar placed inside the shuttle. While the chain yarns were moving away from each other, the weaver pulled the plug from one end to the other end. The chain yarns were still separated from each other, the weaver reapplied, so it went on.

In this 'life frame', the workers will have mastered the craftsmanship that an employee can fabricate seven balls a year, and the Van Robais Factory could fabricate a 1200 ball fabric at a party. It is such a mastery, the efficiency is very low because it is based on personal talents. For this reason, the British, who have a great deal of importance in quality, have begun to seek ways to accelerate production.

This way, in 1733 John Kay found (1704-1764). A device that he invented led into a shuttle that was moved by a cord. Thus, the shuttle did not just come and go faster (it was called "flying shuttle" because of its speed), allowing one hand of the weaver to be released.

The invention of the "flying saucer" immediately created a worrying problem: the fact that the fabrics were touched more quickly caused a shortage of yarn. This time the yarn bending work was going to be heavy, it was necessary to use a machine instead of the dough and the output. Such a machine that made John Wyatt's premier was developed by German Ludwig Paul in 1738. Wyatt was a humble man with the pleasure of inventing, but his machine did not interest him, but in 1767 James Hargreaves made some changes to make a machine suitable for twisting 120 yarns alone, giving his daughter "Jenny" the name. Workers who were afraid of being unemployed, Hargreaves had to close his factory when he turned against Jenny.

Another inventor, Thomas Highs, was not brighter than that, and the weaving machine he invented did not achieve success when the "wateroframe" (1768) made a real progress in hydraulic thrashing, not by hand; But at least he caught the attention of Samuel Crompton (1753-1827), a small yarn maker. Crompton combined some of Highs' machine's with Jenny's; So that a 'hybrid' machine known as "Mlle Jenny" appeared (1774). With a lot of sarcasm and jealousy, the yarns were actually spinning fine, firm yarns that were even suitable for muslin.

The benefit of "Mule Jenny" was so obvious that they had to adopt yarn makers. But somebody got the cash ...

A savvy businessman named Richard Arkwright (1732-1792) placed himself in the face of growing cloth demands to produce a loom in perfection that surpasses the previous ones. Thus, a loom that combines the features of "Mule Jenny," and "Waterframe" appeared. Arkwright immediately entered the business and built factories and began mass production. It was finally rich enough to receive the royal title of nobility

Brief History of Fabric